End of charge detection of batteries with high production tolerances

  • When developing new battery technologies, fundamental research means assembling new batteries by hand since a production line is not worthwhile for building and testing individual cells. This causes high production tolerances to occur because manual manufacturing is not as precise as machine-made. When putting these prototypes into operation, problems can arise due to the varying parameters. One of the most important exercise is finding a criterion of a full battery. This can be challenging when parameters like the capacity or the end of charge voltage are not precisely known due to the tolerances. Furthermore, new battery types do not necessarily rely on the same stopping criteria. For example zinc-air secondary batteries do not offer an end of charging voltage. Its charging current is not going to decrease when the battery is full and the charging voltage is held at a fixed value. But instead of de-oxidising zinc oxide, hydrogen is produced. In the majority of cases overcharging should be avoided as it harms the battery. Another even more dangerous consequence is the possibility of an explosion. Especially lithium based batteries are known for their need of compatible ambient and charging parameters. This paper proposes a new criterion for detecting the end of charge that is based on the rate of change of electrochemical impedance spectra of the examined batteries. Device parameter fluctuations influence every measurement. Therefore, using the rate of change offers the possibility to not depend on these fluctuations.

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Author:Andre Löchte, Ole Gebert, Peter Glösekötter
Parent Title (German):Proceedings ITISE-2019. Granada, 25th-27th September 2019
Place of publication:Granada (Spain)
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2020/03/23
Date of first Publication:2019/09/25
Provider of the Publication Server:FH Münster - University of Applied Sciences
Release Date:2020/03/23
Tag:End of charge
First Page:554
Last Page:559
Faculties:Elektrotechnik und Informatik (ETI)
Publication list:Glösekötter, Peter
Licence (German):License LogoBibliographische Daten