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Effect of a controlled lifestyle intervention on medication use and costs: The Healthy Lifestyle Community Program (cohort 2)

  • Background: Establishing a healthy lifestyle has a great potential to reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors. NCDs contribute immensely to the economic costs of the health care system arising from therapy, medication use, and productivity loss. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Healthy Lifestyle Community Program (cohort 2; HLCP-2) on medication use and consequently on medication costs for selected NCDs (diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia). Methods: Data stem from a 24-month non-randomised, controlled intervention trial aiming to improve risk factors for NCDs. Participants completed questionnaires at six measurement time points assessing medication use, from which costs were calculated. The following medication groups were included in the analysis as NCD medication: glucose-lowering medications (GLM), antihypertensive drugs (AHD) and lipid-lowering drugs (LLD). Statistical tests for inter- and intra-group comparison and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: In total, 118 participants (intervention group [IG]: n = 79; control group [CG]: n = 39) were considered. Compared to baseline medication use decreased slightly in the IG and increased in the CG. Costs for NCD medication were significantly lower in the IG than in the CG after 6 (p = 0.004), 12 (p = 0.040), 18 (p = 0.003) and 24 months (p = 0.008). After multiple regression analysis and adjusting for confounders, change of costs differed significantly between the groups in all final models. Conclusion: The HLCP-2 was able to moderately prevent an increase of medication use and thus reduce costs for medication to treat NCDs with the greatest impact on AHD.
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Author:Ragna-Marie KranzORCiD, Carmen Kettler, Corinna Anand, Christian Koeder, Sarah Husain, Nora Schoch, Anette Buyken, Heike Englert
DOI of original publication:https://doi/org/10.1177/02601060231164665
Parent Title (German):Nutrition and Health
Publisher:Sage Publications
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2023/03/20
Year of first Publication:2023
Provider of the Publication Server:FH Münster - University of Applied Sciences
Release Date:2023/03/20
Faculties:Oecotrophologie · Facility Management (OEF)
open_access (DINI-Set):open_access
Publication list:Englert, Heike
Köder, Christian
Kranz, Ragna-Marie
Anand, Corinna
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung (CC BY 4.0)